Worldwide coffee exports by country totaled an estimated US$30.1 billion in 2019, dropping by an overall -0.9% for all coffee shippers over the five-year period starting in 2015. Year over year, the value of globally exported coffee depreciated by -1.9% from 2018 to 2019.
From a continental perspective, Europe accounted for the highest dollar value worth of exported coffee sales during 2019 with total shipments valued at $11.7 billion or 38.9% of globally exported coffee. Close behind in second place at 34.8% was Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, ahead of coffee exporters in Asia at 14%. Smaller percentages belonged to Africa (6.4%), North America (5.3%), and Oceania (0.6%) led by Papua New Guinea ahead of Australia.
For research purposes, the 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code prefix for coffee is 0901.
Coffee Exports by Country
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of coffee during 2019.
- Brazil: US$4.6 billion (15.1% of total coffee exports)
- Colombia: $2.6 billion (8.7%)
- Switzerland: $2.5 billion (8.3%)
- Vietnam: $2.41 billion (8%)
- Germany: $2.37 billion (7.9%)
- Italy: $1.7 billion (5.8%)
- Honduras: $1.1 billion (3.5%)
- Indonesia: $879.4 million (2.9%)
- Belgium: $846.9 million (2.8%)
- Ethiopia: $836.6 million (2.8%)
- United States: $822.5 million (2.7%)
- Netherlands: $806.2 million (2.7%)
- Guatemala: $663.8 million (2.2%)
- Peru: $621.3 million (2.1%)
By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 79.7% of global coffee exports in 2019.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing coffee exporters since 2015 were: France (up 74.8%), Netherlands (up 57.2%), Italy (up 24.7%) and Switzerland (up 24.2%).
Those countries that posted declines in their exported coffee sales were led by: Indonesia (down -26.6%), Belgium (down -19.9%), Brazil (down -18.2%), United States (down -13.2%) and Vietnam (down -0.04%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for coffee during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s coffee exports and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Brazil: US$4.5 billion (net export surplus down -18.5% since 2015)
- Colombia: $2.6 billion (up 0.1%)
- Vietnam: $2.4 billion (up 0.8%)
- Switzerland: $1.8 billion (up 42.2%)
- Honduras: $1.1 billion (up 13.9%)
- Indonesia: $860.6 million (down -26.2%)
- Ethiopia: $836.5 million (up 8%)
- Guatemala: $662.6 million (down -0.1%)
- Peru: $617.2 million (up 6.1%)
- Nicaragua: $490.3 million (up 24.1%)
- India: $394.8 million (down -6.1%)
- Uganda: $393.4 million (up 1.7%)
- Costa Rica: $254.4 million (down -13.4%)
- Kenya: $246.5 million (up 18.7%)
- Mexico: $182.8 million (down -33.4%)
Brazil has the highest surplus in the international trade of coffee. In turn, this positive cashflow confirms Brazil’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for coffee during 2019. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. Thus, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s coffee import purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US-$5 billion (net export deficit down -1.3% since 2015)
- Japan: -$1.2 billion (down -21.9%)
- Germany: -$855.9 million (down -44.2%)
- United Kingdom: -$705.1 million (up 20.1%)
- Spain: -$697.2 million (down -5.2%)
- Canada: -$695.2 million (down -3.4%)
- South Korea: -$657.6 million (up 21.1%)
- Russia: -$593.4 million (up 26.3%)
- Australia: -$421.5 million (down -8.1%)
- Netherlands: -$387.9 million (down -13.3%)
- Austria: -$335.9 million (up 4.5%)
- Sweden: -$269 million (down -20.1%)
- Poland: -$253.9 million (down -515.4%)
- Finland: -$250.6 million (up 2.5%)
The United States of America has the highest deficit in the international trade of coffee. In turn, this negative cashflow confirms America’s strong competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for coffee-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful consumer demand.
Coffee Exporting Companies
According to the Tropical Commodity Coalition (TCC), green coffee beans are a minimally processed product accounting for approximately 95% of coffee exports. Ironically, coffee-producing countries earn very little from the sale and export of their products given that a large share of coffee supply chain profits go to middlemen and large roaster conglomerates.
International coffee trading companies operating in producer countries via joint ventures with local middlemen. The following are examples of coffee-trading companies located in the country shown within parentheses:
- Barbera Coffee Company (Italy)
- Coffee Cabana Brazil (Brazil)
- Maxwell House (United States)
- Miko Coffee (Belgium)
- Nestlé (Switzerland)
- Neumann Gruppe AG (Germany)
- O’Coffee – Brazilian Estates (Brazil)
- Ospina Coffee Company (Colombia)
- Simexco Daklak Ltd (Vietnam)
- Starbucks Corporation (United States)